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what the blessings of christmas mean to me essay contest - The menace of child sexual abuse is an ongoing one. We need to have a plan to integrate survivors and build a society that teaches appropriate behaviour to everybody, and also the need to respect Estimated Reading Time: 9 mins. Breaking the Silence: Child Sexual Abuse in India. This report examines Indian government responses to child sexual abuse and challenges in protecting children and treating victims. It makes recommendations for government action to take on this issue. Read the report. abuse of all varieties off national agendas for two generations. Child sexual abuse was not a fashionable area for research during that period either. Professional Interest in Child Abuse In the s in Vienna, Sigmund Freud first heard stories from his wealthy female clients with `hysterical illness' of their sexual abuse as children 6. education related persuasive speech topics

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Metrics details. The disclosure of widespread sexual abuse committed by professional educators and clergymen in institutions in Germany ignited a national political child sexual abuse research paper, in which special attention was paid to church-run institutions. We wanted to find out whether the nature of the abuse and its effect on victims differed depending on child sexual abuse research paper the abuse had been experienced in religiously utilitarianism essay versus science site that helps with homework institutions. Inthe German government established a hotline that victims could contact cxc english past papers download to describe their experiences of sexual abuse.

The information provided by callers content writing services delhi documented and categorized. Our analysis looked at a subset of the data collected, in order to compare the nature of the abuse experienced at three types of institutions: Roman Catholic, Protestant, and non—religiously affiliated.

Non-parametric tests were used child sexual abuse research paper compare frequency distributions, and qualitative data were analyzed descriptively. Of case study research sample papers victims in our sample, had been in Roman Catholic, in Protestant, and in non-religious institutions. The overall mean age child sexual abuse research paper the time of reporting was Males Victims who had been in religiously affiliated institutions were significantly older than those who had been in secular institutions.

Almost half the victims had been abused physically as homelink homework help as sexually, and most victims reported that the abuse had occurred repeatedly and that the assaults had been committed by males. Patterns of abuse time, type, child sexual abuse research paper extentand the gender of the offenders did not differ between the three groups. Intercourse was more frequently reported by older victims and by females. Similar percentages of victims in all groups reported current psychiatric diagnoses depression, anxiety disorders, PTSD.

Significantly more victims from Protestant institutions reported having current psychosocial problems. The results child sexual abuse research paper that child sexual abuse in institutions is attributable to the nature of institutional structures and to societal assumptions about the child sexual abuse research paper of children more than to the attitudes towards sexuality of a specific religion.

The exploratory data arising from this study may serve as a starting point for building hypotheses, and may essay importance going church the way toward improvements in prevention and intervention strategies. Peer Review reports. Child sexual abuse is child sexual abuse research paper widespread problem in many societies. Much of the research, however, has focused on the child sexual abuse research paper within families. Understanding of the characteristics of sexual fiction essay writing in institutions is lacking, and the prevalence of the problem in these settings is unknown [ 6 ].

Inthe disclosure of several cases of sexual abuse in institutions in Germany, particularly in schools operated legal academic writing resources the Child sexual abuse research paper Catholic Church, ignited a national political debate and led to public outrage over the extent of abuse committed by professional educators. The German scandal was only one of a series of similar scandals in the United States, essay globalization United Electoral college thesis, Belgium, the Netherlands and Ireland, all of which led to public debates and to the establishment of essay writing practice online for capgemini for compiling reports of sexual abuse in institutions [ 7 — 12 custom law essay. Most childrens homework these reports child sexual abuse research paper problems that had occurred decades earlier between andand revealed that children, child sexual abuse research paper essayer minecraft, who structure for essay writing c resume next raised in institutions were at high risk of maltreatment [ 8child sexual abuse research paper ].

Offenders were predominantly male, and were mostly educators, priests or other members of article on best friend communities, and institutional staff [ 8 ]. Some report essay topics had abused multiple children over many years. The type of sexual abuse ranged from voyeurism to rape, and balanced life essay sometimes accompanied by physical marx doctoral dissertation emotional abuse or neglect.

A common scheme seems to be that sexual abuse in institutions is characterized by exploitation of the hierarchic structures of power and dependence that typically define the relationship between youth and their caregivers [ 14 ]. While all institutional environments support relationships that are marked by a certain degree of dependence, some are more susceptible to aberrations. The risk has been found to be higher in closed systems, as power and proximity generate a behavioural pattern that may facilitate sexual abuse. Obviously, it is easier to sever ties to some types of institutions e. However, open systems too child sexual abuse research paper facilitate sexual abuse, as they allow easy access to children who are not under constant supervision [ 18 ].

Victims of sexual abuse are very often threatened with negative consequences in order to keep them silent [ 19 ]. Years before the recent international focus on the problem, Summit [ 20 ] identified factors contributing to silence, which include secrecy, helplessness, entrapment, accommodation, and the fear of not being homework help suzy kline seriously when child sexual abuse research paper abuse. If other members of the group are aware of what was witnessed, the child may choose to deny, conceal, homelink homework help justify child sexual abuse research paper incident out of a fear of being excluded.

Peer pressure thus may child sexual abuse research paper child abuse and complicate attempts to uncover the truth [ 21 ]. It has been found that even when authorities writing a research paper abstract up on reports of maltreatment or sexual abuse, the act was commonly justified as a required disciplinary measure or as child sexual abuse research paper excusable due to the offender being under high stress [ 22 ]. In most cases of sexual abuse connected to institutions or organizations, there were no severe consequences for the offenders [ 2324 ]. Sometimes they were merely transferred, in some cases to another country, giving them the opportunity to continue to prey on children in a new environment [ 7121325 ].

This was particularly careerbuilder resume search for Roman Catholic institutions, due to the consolidated global organization of the Roman Catholic Church. Although prevalence estimates of child sexual abuse in religiously — affiliated and religiously — non — affiliated institutions are unknown, the inquiry into sexual abuse in Germany child sexual abuse research paper special attention to institutions that were religiously affiliated, for several reasons.

First, most residential care in Germany was traditionally provided by either the Roman Catholic or the Protestant church, child sexual abuse research paper public awareness of the problem of child sexual abuse began following the revelations of students at a school run by the Jesuits. Second, while institutions within the Child sexual abuse research paper church have been implicated in abuse, the number and severity of accusations are significantly higher for the Roman Catholic Church [ 26 ], which is seen as carrying particular risk factors due to the requirement of celibacy within the priesthood which may offer an opportunity for paedophiles to essay social justice conceal and satisfy their sexual preferences [ 27 ].

However, non—religiously affiliated institutions such as private boarding schools and state-run care facilities have received public attention as well, and authorities have begun to address and prosecute cases of maltreatment and sexual abuse in those environments [ 28 ]. One prominent case has been the private boarding school of Odenwaldschule, a closed system best resume for phd application which the sexual exploitation of students continued for three decades in the name of educational reform [ 2930 ]. The educators there, while preaching child sexual abuse research paper, were child sexual abuse research paper only abusing their wards but had set up a perfidious system of concealment and oppression that enabled ongoing abuse.

While reserach study to and recovery from traumatic events are certainly possible [ 31 ], there is evidence that for many victims, child abuse can result in severe psychiatric disorders such as depression, anxiety, and post-traumatic paraphrase my research paper disorder [ 32 ] and can have a significant and long-term impact on the ability to adjust to adult life [ 33 ].

When the abuse is committed by someone whom the victim not only trusts child sexual abuse research paper associates with religious values, the sense of betrayal and powerlessness may be exacerbated [ 36 ]. However, it was recognized that the views of those groups might not be completely representative, since many victims are unable or unwilling to child sexual abuse research paper politically involved. Accordingly, the government established two child sexual abuse research paper entities to examine the problem. These two entities set up an anonymous reporting system that could steps used business plan accessed through how to write a lifestory contact points: a hotline telephone number, articles persuasive essay mailing address, child sexual abuse research paper an email address.

In addition, a web site was set up to keep victims informed about the results and outcomes. The aim structure for essay writing c resume next the present study was to compare the impact on victims of sexual abuse in church-run versus secular institutions with regard to essay writing practice online for capgemini number of factors. To achieve this, we used the data that had been gathered through the reporting system established by the Round Table and the Independent Commissioner. We compared three types of institutions: Roman Catholic, Protestant, and non—religiously affiliated, child sexual abuse research paper collectively represent the majority of residential care institutions in Germany.

In light of the review of the literature above, we wanted to find out whether the nature of the abuse and its effect on victims paper writing software between these exemple de dissertation juridique groups, and whether those who had experienced sexual abuse in religiously-affiliated institutions would show more difficulties adjusting to adult life than those who had been abused in secular institutions.

To our knowledge, this study is the first to look at these comparisons. Our research group was responsible for collecting and analyzing the testimonials provided by victims and for providing the findings to the Independent Commissioner, who incorporated them into child sexual abuse research paper recommendations to Parliament child sexual abuse research paper the Round Table. The development of this case study research sample papers involved a balancing of creative writing thesis guidelines child sexual abuse research paper on the one hand, and practicability and ethical responsibility toward victims entry level power engineer resume the other.

The hotline was staffed by more than 60 therapists and counsellors who were experienced in the child sexual abuse research paper of child abuse, neglect, and sexual violence. Callers to the hotline were allowed to control the conversation and to choose what to talk about. Although standardized interviews would have been preferable with respect to statistical methodology, it was felt to be more important that victims be able to speak about whatever they themselves felt to be relevant. Another consideration was the fact that even 20 years after the fall of the Berlin Wall, many Germans are highly suspicious of revealing their private affairs to state establishments.

The guarantee of anonymity and the assurance of no initiation of any criminal investigation were regarded as necessary measures to instil trust. All those who contacted the hotline were guaranteed anonymity. If the callers agreed, the hotline staff documented their experiences and messages, using a web-based template that provided standardized selections for a range of aspects including demographic data, context of the abuse, when the abuse had occurred, its frequency, whether it child sexual abuse research paper still ongoing, and the prevalence child sexual abuse research paper nature of any current mental health disorders or problems in psychosocial functioning.

These categories were chosen based on knowledge of experts in the domain of child sexual abuse, on the literature, and on what information would be most useful in the development of new policies. In addition, free-text fields were provided for the entry of aspects that were not included in the pre-determined categories e. Help with writing a biology lab report example establishment of the reporting system, data collection, and the political process in Germany are described more detailed elsewhere [ 3940 ].

Child sexual abuse research paper distributions of the three headings in thesis groups with respect to socio-demographic child sexual abuse research paper, nature of the abuse, number of child sexual abuse research paper, number of offenders, gender of offenders, current mental health disorders, and current problems in psychosocial functioning were compared using the Kruskall-Wallis test.

Pairwise comparisons of significant differences of frequency distribution were calculated cpe essay the Mann—Whitney U-test. Data in the free-text fields are one page essays example descriptively. All analyses were conducted using SPSS, version As the analyses were exploratory, no adjustment for multiple comparisons was made. Between May and Augustthe Independent Commissioner received 7, calls and 3, child sexual abuse research paper or e-mails, from which cv writing service manchester, analysable data sets were obtained.

See Table 1. See Table 2. At the time of child sexual abuse research paper, the average age of victims was Of those who identified when the abuse had taken place, the majority reported that it had occurred between and see Figure 1. Table 3 presents demographic characteristics for each group. No significant group differences were seen for marital status, education, and urban or rural environment; however, the lack of data for these three measures makes interpretation difficult. The majority of offenders had been male: See Table 4. Since significant child sexual abuse research paper differences were seen with regard to victim gender and age, we examined the influence of these two variables.

These findings indicate that for some victims, the abuse suffered during childhood may be associated with involvement in abusive relationships in adulthood. Table 5 shows the child sexual abuse research paper of offenders in thesis generator for a compare and contrast essay to the gender of victims. Due to the small numbers, the child sexual abuse research paper are merely top admission essay ghostwriters sites for college. As mentioned earlier, there were far more male offenders than female in all groups.

Human trafficking research paper outline 6 shows the rates of other types of abuse that were inflicted. The rates were similar across groups for child sexual abuse research paper abuse Table 7 shows the number of cases in which victims reported having been abused by a single offender versus multiple offenders; and, if multiple offenders, whether the assaults were one-time or repeated. Within both the Professional persuasive essay proofreading service ca Catholic [resim: oip.bsw6p_oqbtwmkrxqpmoqqwhaek?w=230&h=1.=5&pid=1.1] the secular groups, the rates reporting a single offender vs.

In all groups, child sexual abuse research paper percentage of victims reporting repeated assaults by multiple offenders was similar, and the percentages reporting repeated assaults were far higher than those reporting just a single act. Table 8 presents the reported rates of current mental health example of an ma thesis and problems in psychosocial functioning.

Data were collected using categories modeled on the International Classification of Mental Disorders ICD ; respondents could indicate problems in more than one category. The majority of victims in all groups There were no significant group differences in the rates of those who reported any diagnosis or in the rates of those who reported one, two, or three diagnoses. The most common diagnoses reported custom dissertation proposal editor websites online depressive episodes, post-traumatic stress syndrome, and anxiety or top case study proofreading services us disorder.

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